Preparation of Nickel Oxide Microparticles by Pulsed Laser Ablation and Application to Gas Sensors
Nickel oxide (NiO) microparticles were synthesized by pulsed laser ablation in double deionized water and intensively studied using Nd:YAG laser. The obtained sample was examined by X-ray diffraction, XRD measurement which tests the existence of polycrystalline. The structural parameters introduced and surface morphology was studied using field emission scanning electron microscopy devices. The optical properties of microparticles in a liquid were investigated through UV-VIS spectroscopy. The CO/CO2 sensing properties of the NiO microstructure sensors were systematically investigated, and the effects of different laser fluencies on the CO/CO2 sensing characteristics were analyzed. XRD measurements reflected the existence of polycrystalline, the optical result shows that The absorption spectra peak centered around 360 nm and a tail extending to the red region (600 nm), the scanning electron microscopy images showed that the morphologies of NiO thin films have microspheres in various. The sample affected by laser fluence 1.9 J/cm2 which exhibits the best sensitivity for CO2 gas.
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